Skip to main content

Yesterday, Statistics Canada released its sixth series of 2016 census information. The last batch reported findings highlighting education and employment.

Post-Secondary Degree Achieved

Approximately 40 per cent of immigrants aged 25-64 held a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to about 25 per cent of the Canadian-born population of the same age group.

Immigrants in the Labour Force

Immigrants comprised 23.8 per cent of the labour force, compared to 21.2 per cent in 2006.

Immigrant Employment Rate

The employment rate for immigrants remains approximately three per cent under the national average.

Newcomers' Income Average

Newcomers of one year to Canada earned an average of $24,000 in 2014, highest since 1981.

Immigrant Income Based on Country of Origin

Recent immigrants from Africa and the Middle East earn significantly less than recent immigrants from Asia, Latin America, and Europe.

Recent vs. Older Immigrant Income

Immigrants of seven years in Canada earn almost $11,000 more than immigrants of one year.

Immigrant vs. Non-Immigrant Income

Immigrants earn almost $7,000 less on average than non-immigrants.

Wage Gap Factors

The Conference Board of Canada reported that the main factors of the wage gap are language skills, foreign qualification and skill recognition, and discrimination.

Degree Achieved (by Gender)

For the first occasion, more women aged 25-34 held a doctorate (50.6 per cent), compared to men of the same group, and women account for half of master’s degrees held by Canadians aged 25 to 34.

Women in Leadership

Women in managerial positions increased to 37.8 per cent, up from 36.5 per cent in 2006.

Gender Ratio: Healthcare

Women outnumbered men four to one in the healthcare sector.

Gender Ratio: High-Tech

Men outnumbered women three to one in high-tech positions.